Religious Groups’ Views on End-of-Life Issues | Pew Research Center
One hundred participants from each of the three major monotheistic .. views on euthanasia and its legality are religion and theology which are Rezawana Chowdhury and Co-PI: Janan A. Smither. Date: April12, Attitudes towards active voluntary euthanasia (AVE) received before the cut-off date, giving an overall claiming adherence to different religions were found. Euthanasia encompasses various dimensions, from active (introducing something legal, ethical, human rights, health, religious, economic, spiritual, social and the subject of euthanasia from the medical and human rights perspective given . Till date, most of the States has not done anything to support the terminally ill.
Therefore, we intended to study the religious and ideological views and practices of palliative care physicians.
BBC - Ethics - Euthanasia: Religion and euthanasia
Most studies which attempt to measure the religious and ideological views and practices of physicians restrict their enquiry to the religious or ideological affiliation of the physicians. This is also the case in surveys assessing the relationship between religion and attitudes toward euthanasia. Yet, as such, religious or ideological affiliation reveals little about how a respondent interprets his or her affiliation, and whether he or she diverts from the standard views and practices of his or her religious community.LOVE LESSONS: Different Religions Couldn't Keep This Couple From Loving Each Other for 54 Years
For that reason, we wanted to divide the physicians into different groups, with physicians giving similar answers on divergent religious or ideological questions. Leuven and the Flemish Palliative Care Federation decided to undertake a quantitative study of the religious and ideological views and practices of Flemish palliative care physicians and their attitudes toward different treatment decisions in advanced disease.
- Views on End-of-Life Medical Treatments
- Counterargument of euthanasia supporters
For the Interdisciplinary Centre for the Study of Religion and World View this survey is part of a series of qualitative and quantitative empirical studies, analyzing attitudes toward treatment decisions in advanced disease and the influence of religion and world view on these attitudes.
Specific focus is being put on the influence of Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Christianity. This article deals with the religious and ideological views and practices of Flemish palliative care physicians and more specifically with the question how these physicians could be classified regarding their religion or world view and how their religion or wordview influences their attitudes toward euthanasia.
The addresses of the physicians had been provided by the Flemish Palliative Care Federation. Earlier, the questionnaire had been presented for evaluation to a team of palliative care experts and sociologists. The questionnaire had also been approved by the Flemish Palliative Care Federation and its ethics steering group. The questionnaire in Dutch consisted of three parts. In the first part, the respondents were requested to provide demographic information, including gender, age and years of experience in palliative care.
In the second part, the respondents were asked to provide information concerning their religion or world view through several questions enquiring after religious or ideological affiliation, religious or ideological self-definition, view on life after death, image of God, spirituality, importance of rituals in their life, religious practice, and importance of religion in life.
The accuracy of this translation was verified through the method of back translation with the help of a native English speaker. Approximately, 30 to 40 minutes were needed to complete the questionnaire. Together with the questionnaires the physicians received stamped return envelopes to mail back completed questionnaires.
The physicians also received a stamped card on which they were requested to write their name. The card had to be sent separately to the researchers after posting the completed questionnaire to avoid follow-up mailings.
In the beginning of June a follow-up mailing reminding the physicians about the questionnaires, was sent to all physicians whose response card had not been received. At the end of June a third mailing was sent again to all physicians whose response card had not been received by then.
The third mailing contained a new questionnaire, stamped return envelope, response card, and a letter reminding them about the questionnaire and kindly requesting them to complete and post the questionnaires. The cut-off date for responses was 31 August, ; 99 physicians responded For the statistical analysis of the data R 2. The mean age was Majority of such petitions are filed by the sufferers or family members or their caretakers. The caregiver's burden is huge and cuts across various domains such as financial, emotional, time, physical, mental and social.
Hence, it is uncommon to hear requests from the family members of the person with psychiatric illness to give some poison either to patient or else to them.
Religious views on euthanasia - Wikipedia
Right to refuse medical treatment is well recognised in law, including medical treatment that sustains or prolongs life. For example, a patient suffering from blood cancer can refuse treatment or deny feeds through nasogastric tube.
Recognition of right to refuse treatment gives a way for passive euthanasia. Many do argue that allowing medical termination of pregnancy before 16 wk is also a form of active involuntary euthanasia.
This issue of mercy killing of deformed babies has already been in discussion in Holland Many patients in a persistent vegetative state or else in chronic illness, do not want to be a burden on their family members. Encouraging the organ transplantation: Euthanasia in terminally ill patients provides an opportunity to advocate for organ donation. This in turn will help many patients with organ failure waiting for transplantation. On the contrary, the state does not own the responsibility of promoting, protecting and fulfilling the socio-economic rights such as right to food, right to water, right to education and right to health care, which are basic essential ingredients of right to life.
Till date, most of the States has not done anything to support the terminally ill people by providing for hospice care. If the State takes the responsibility of providing reasonable degree of health care, then majority of the euthanasia supporters will definitely reconsider their argument. We do endorse the Supreme Court Judgement that our contemporary society and public health system is not matured enough to handle this sensitive issue, hence it needs to be withheld.
However, this issue needs to be re-examined again after few years depending upon the evolution of the society with regard to providing health care to the disabled and public health sector with regard to providing health care to poor people.
Religious views on euthanasia
The Supreme Court judgement to withhold decision on this sensitive issue is a first step towards a new era of health care in terminally ill patients. The Judgment laid down is to preserve harmony within a society, when faced with a complex medical, social and legal dilemma.
There is a need to enact a legislation to protect terminally ill patients and also medical practitioners caring for them as per the recommendation of Law Commission Report There is also an urgent need to invest in our health care system, so that poor people suffering from ill health can access free health care. Assisted suicide in US and Europe. Oxford University Press, Inc; The euthanasia movement in modern America. Aruna Ramchandra Shanbaug vs.
Writ Petition Criminal no. Union of India, 3 SCC 5. State of Punjab, 2 SCC 6. Terminal care in medical oncology. Now the Dutch turn against legalised mercy killing.
Long term suicide risk of depression in the Lundby cohort severity and gender. Campbell C, Fahy T.
Religious Groups’ Views on End-of-Life Issues
A prospective investigation of suicide ideation, attempts, and use of mental health service among adolescents in substance abuse treatment. Suicide in patients treated for obsessive-compulsive disorder: A prospective follow-up study. Sallekhana Jainism is based on the principle of non-violence ahinsa and is best known for it. Properly thinning out of the passions and the body is sallekhana.
It is not considered suicide as the person observing it, must be in a state of full consciousness. Practitioner shouldn't recollect the pleasures enjoyed or, long for the enjoyment of pleasures in the future. Estimates for death by this means range from to a year. Generally, Jewish thinkers oppose voluntary euthanasia, often vigorously,  though there is some backing for voluntary passive euthanasia in limited circumstances. The study found that all of the Hasidic Orthodox responders disapproved of voluntary euthanasia whereas a majority of the secularized Orthodox responders approved of it.
In Shinto, the prolongation of life using artificial means is a disgraceful act against life. Unitarian Universalism[ edit ] The Unitarian Universalist Association UUA recommends observing the ethics and culture of the resident country when determining euthanasia. In the UUA gathered to share a commitment to The Right to Die with Dignity document which included a resolution supporting self-determination in dying.